Effects of Adult Literacy Program on Women’s Lives in the Rural Areas of Islamabad Capital Territory: A Case of National Commission for Human Development

  • Shaista Naz The University of Agriculture Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Basit Ali The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Jamil Afridi The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Noor Paio Khan The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan

Abstract

Literacy is a life transformation process especially for women in the developing countries like Pakistan. Various organizations are working in the said area however, their efforts need proper exploration. Seeking to this, the present research study was conducted to assess the effects of adult literacy program launched by National Commission for Human Development (NCHD) on women’s lives in the rural areas of Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT). The effects were assessed in family life, socio-economic/trade activities, and community development. For this, data were collected from a sample size of 164 women adult learners using questionnaire through face to face interview. A five-point Likert scale (i.e. Strongly Agree, Agree, Strongly Disagree, Disagree and Don’t Know) was used to record the responses of the respondents. It was found that program has positive effects on most of the women’s lives. After the program, most women became able to assist their children in academic work, home and child management, good relationships with children and husband, child health care, financial support to families and utility bills’ checking. Similarly, after the program, most of the women were aware of their trade worth, investments, profit maximization through resource and modern technique utilization, and of good customer relationships. The program affected women’s role in their communities as the majority of women helped others in imparting skills, mobilization, and organization, girls’ marriages, politics, peace promotion, decision-making in the home, decrease domestic violence and make empower their own selves. The study concluded that Adult Literacy Program improved the majority of women’s lives with respect to their family life, socio-economic activities and role in community development. The study recommends for the replication of such programs to the other areas of the country as well where the female literacy rate is low and expanding the curricula and in-depth studies to achieve a good response rate.

References

1. Adelore, O. O. and Olumokoro, C. O. 2015. Influence of literacy education programmes on socio-economic empowerment of women in Edo and Delta States, Nigeria. US-China Edu. Rev., 5(5):315-324
2. Ahmed, M. 2009. The State and Development of Adult Learning and Education in Asia and the Pacific Regional Synthesis Report p. 11-16 Accessed from http://www.unesco.org/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/INSTITUTES/UIL/confintea/pdf/GRALE/confinteavi_grale_asia_synthesis_en.pdf
3. Akanbi, M. 2013. Impact of adult literacy programmes on political empowerment of women in Kwara State. Int. J. African. Asian. Stud., 2(1):17-22.
4. Aroge, S.T. 2016. Socio-economic effects of women’s participation on adult and non-formal education in Akoko North West local government area of Ondo State, Nigeria. J. Edu. Human. Dev., 5(3):116-121.
5. ASPBAE. 2012. The power of literacy women’s journeys in India, Indonesia, Philippines and Papua Guinea. Accessed from http://www.campaignforeducation.org/docs/reports/members/The%20 Power%20of%20Literacy.pdf Asia South Pacific Association for Basic and Adult Education. Banks
6. Bokova, I. 2010. Forward in UNESCO & International Social Science Council World Social Science Report: Knowledge divides. Paris: UNESCO Publishing. Retrieved from http://www.unesco.org/shs/wssr
7. Degu, T. G. 2016. The impact of an adult literacy programme on the socio-economic empowerment of rural women in Oromia, Ethiopia. Thesis submitted in fulfilment of requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Education at the University of South Africa.
8. Egwu, S.O. 2008. Contextual framework of adult education for Nigerian schools. Owerri: Erudite Global Publishers Ltd. 32-35.
9. GoP. 2016-17. Economic survey of Pakistan. Ministry of finance. Islamabad.
10. Hasnain, T., and Nazir, S. 2008. The day of rural women in Pakistan. The article.1-20.
11. Hassan, M. A. and Olaniran, S.O. 2011. Developing small business entrepreneur through assitance institutions: The role of industrial development centre, Osogbo, Nigeria. Int. J. Business. & Mang. www.ccscenet.org/ijbm. 6(2).
12. Institute for Lifelong Learning (UIL). 2013. Literacy programmes with a focus on women to reduce gender disparities: Case studies from UNESCO effective literacy and numeracy practices database (Litbase). Hamburg: UNESCO/UIL. Retrieved from http: //www.unesco.org/uil/litbase/
13. Kasi, E. 2013. Role of women in sericulture and community development: A study from a South Indian village. The article.1-11.
14. Konaté, M. 2010. The effects of literacy on rural women in Mali: transformation through empowerment. Accessed from https://www.msu.edu/~mwr2p/Konate-MR2P-2010.pdf.
15. Mabel Oyitso1 & C. O. Olomukoro. 2012. Enhancing women’s development through literacy education in Nigeria. Review. Europ. Stud., 4(4):66-76
16. Mbah, B. A. 2015. Functional impacts of adult literacy programme on rural women. J. Edu. Practice., 6(32), 32-35
17. Naz, S., and N. P. Khan. 2018. Financial contribution of livestock to household income in federally administered tribal areas of Pakistan: An empirical perspective. Sarhad. J. Agri., 34(1): 1-9.
18. Offorma, G.C. 2007. Literacy materials and functional literacy in Nigeria. J. Applied Literacy & Reading, 3(1):12-13.
19. Oxenham, J. 2008. Effective literacy programs: options for policymakers. Fundamentals of Educational Planning-91UNESCO: International Institute of Educational Planning. Accessed from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0016/001636/163607e.pdf
20. OXFAM. 2005. Gender equality and adult basic education. Education and Gender Equality Series.
21. Prins, E. 2008. Adult literacy education, gender equity and empowerment: Insights from a Freirean-inspired literacy program. Stud. Edu. Adult., 40(1): 24-39
22. Rehman, A. 2008. Impact of adult literacy on women lives in district Kech. J. Res. & Reflections. Edu., 2(2):145 -156.
23. Stromquist, N.P. 2005. The political benefits of adult literacy. Background Paper Prepared for the Education for all global monitoring report 2006. Literacy for life, pp 1-7
24. UNESCO. 2005. EFA Monitoring Meeting held in Dakar. Retrieved from http://UNESCO.org
25. UNESCO. 2013. Literacy Programmes with a focus on women to reduce gender disparities. UNESCO Institute of Life Long Learning. Feldbrunnenstraße 58 20148 Hamburg Germany.
26. Zahoor, A., Fakher, A., Ali, S., and Sarwarm, F. 2013. Participation of rural women in crop and livestock activities: a case study of tehsil tounsa sharif of southern Punjab (Pakistan). Int. J. Advanced Res. Manage. & Soc. Sci, 2(12): 98-121.
Published
2018-12-27
How to Cite
NAZ, Shaista et al. Effects of Adult Literacy Program on Women’s Lives in the Rural Areas of Islamabad Capital Territory: A Case of National Commission for Human Development. International Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 3, p. 178-192, dec. 2018. ISSN 2521-0041. Available at: <http://ijsshe.com/index.php/ijsshe/article/view/100>. Date accessed: 19 sep. 2019.
Section
Articles