Effects of Adult Literacy Program on Women’s Lives in the Rural Areas of Islamabad Capital Territory: A Case of National Commission for Human Development
Literacy is a life transformation process especially for women in the developing countries like Pakistan. Various organizations are working in the said area however, their efforts need proper exploration. Seeking to this, the present research study was conducted to assess the effects of adult literacy program launched by National Commission for Human Development (NCHD) on women’s lives in the rural areas of Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT). The effects were assessed in family life, socio-economic/trade activities, and community development. For this, data were collected from a sample size of 164 women adult learners using questionnaire through face to face interview. A five-point Likert scale (i.e. Strongly Agree, Agree, Strongly Disagree, Disagree and Don’t Know) was used to record the responses of the respondents. It was found that program has positive effects on most of the women’s lives. After the program, most women became able to assist their children in academic work, home and child management, good relationships with children and husband, child health care, financial support to families and utility bills’ checking. Similarly, after the program, most of the women were aware of their trade worth, investments, profit maximization through resource and modern technique utilization, and of good customer relationships. The program affected women’s role in their communities as the majority of women helped others in imparting skills, mobilization, and organization, girls’ marriages, politics, peace promotion, decision-making in the home, decrease domestic violence and make empower their own selves. The study concluded that Adult Literacy Program improved the majority of women’s lives with respect to their family life, socio-economic activities and role in community development. The study recommends for the replication of such programs to the other areas of the country as well where the female literacy rate is low and expanding the curricula and in-depth studies to achieve a good response rate.
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