An Assessment of the Role of Nigeria in ECOWAS’ Security Architecture and Democratisation Efforts in West Africa: From Unilateralism to Multilateralism, 1999-2018

  • Olukayode Dauda Bakare University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK


This paper investigates the multilateral approach of Nigeria towards the promotion of democracy and security following its return to civil rule since 1999. The Nigerian-led ECOMOG interventions in West the African region before the return to civilian governance in 1999 rarely received the legitimacy of the international community. Before 1999, Nigeria appeared to lack the credibility and credentials to champion democratization struggles in the region. Nigeria’s military intervention in the Liberian civil war (1990-1997) and the restoration of democracy in Sierra Leone in 1998 lacked international legitimacy and appeared not to be linked to the nurturing and advancement of democracy in West Africa, but rather for the parochial interests of the two Generals; Ibrahim Babangida and Sani Abacha. However, following the return of Nigerian to democracy in 1999, Nigeria’s military interventions in West African sub-region have been more multilateral than unilateral and appear to be linked to advancing stability and the democratization process within the regional frameworks of ECOWAS, backed by the AU and the UN. 


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How to Cite
BAKARE, Olukayode Dauda. An Assessment of the Role of Nigeria in ECOWAS’ Security Architecture and Democratisation Efforts in West Africa: From Unilateralism to Multilateralism, 1999-2018. International Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 2, p. 150-161, june 2019. ISSN 2521-0041. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 27 may 2023.