Hazards of Manufacturing Sector and Economic Growth in Nigeria

  • Emmanuel Okokondem Okon Kogi State University, Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria
  • Saliu Wisdom Osesie Kogi State University, Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria

Abstract

this paper econometrically examined the impact of manufacturing sector on economic growth in Nigeria from the period 1981 to 2015 using ordinary least square method. based on the major findings, it was concluded that a significant positive relationship exist between manufacturing output and economic growth in Nigeria. However, the most profound of the hazards faced in manufacturing sector are physical hazard, chemical hazard and psychosocial hazard as revealed by the mean score result. it is therefore pertinent to suggest that employers should improve the dissemination of information to worker on safety matters in order to remind them of the importance of following the safety measures for achieving a safety workplace. the government should intensify effort at improving physical infrastructure notably in the area of power supply and make it more accessible to manufacturers in order to reduce self-supply of electricity which brings huge operating cost.

References

1. Adebiyi, K.A., Charles-Owaba, O.E., and Waheed, M. A. (2006). “An Empirical Analysis of Airways Safety in Nigeria”. Journal of Research in Engineering. 3(2),18 – 25.
2. Adegbie, F., and Adeniji, N. A. (n.d.). The Challenges and Prospects of the Manufacturing Sector of Nigerian Economy. covenantuniversity.edu.ng/.../THE-CHALLENGES-AND-PROSPECTS-OF-THE-MA...
3. Adugna, T. (2014). Impacts of Manufacturing Sector on Economic Growth in Ethiopia: A Kaldorian Approach. Journal of Business Economics and Management Sciences, 1(1), 1-8.
4. Kossoris, M.D. (1938). Industrial Injuries and the Business Cycle. Mon. Labor Rev., 46: 579-594.
5. Afolabi, J., Fajemonyomi, M., and Jinadu, M., B. (1993). A Case Study of Occupation Health Problems of a Match Industry in Nigeria. Nig. Sch. Health J. 8(1): 17-23.
6. Bello R, (2010). Assessment of Injuries in Small Scale Sawmilling Industry of Southwestern Nigeria. Uni. Ibadan. Nig.
7. Boppart, T. (2014). Structural Change and the Kaldor facts in a Growth Model with Relative Price Effects and Non-Gorman Preferences. Econometrica, 82(6), 2167-2196.
8. Chelius, J.R. (1974). The Control of Industrial Accidents: Economic Theory and Empirical Evidence. Law Contemp. Prob., 38(4), 700-729.
9. Cooke, W.N., and Gautschi, F.H. (1981). OSHA, Plant Safety Programs, and Injury Reduction. Ind. Relat., 20(3), 245-257.
10. Currington, W.P. (1986). Safety Regulation and Workplace Injuries. South. Econ. J., 53(1): 51-72.
11. Coleman, P. (1981). Epidemiologic Principles Applied to Injury Prevention. Scand. J. Work Environ. Health, 7(1), 91-96.
12. Davies, J., Jones, P., and Nunez, I. (2009). The Impact of the Business Cycle on Occupational Injuries in the UK. Soc. Sci. Med., 69(1), 178-182.
13. Evans, D., Head, M., and Speller, V. (1994). Assuring Quality in Health Promotion. London:Health Authority.
14. Gregory, C. (2006). Manufacturing Growth: What is the Path to Prosperity in Africa? University of California, Davis.
15. Kalejaiye, P.O. (2013). Occupational Health and Safety: Issues, Challenges and Compensation in Nigeria. Peak J. Public Health and Mgt. 1 (2), 16-23.
16. Leigh, J.P. (1985). The Effect of Unemployment and Business Cycle on Absenteeism. J. Econ. Bus., 37(2): 159-170.
17. Mankiw, G., Romer, D., and Weil, D. (1992). “A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth”. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 107(1), 407-37.
18. Nwabughiogu, L. (2016). Nigeria’s Economic Survival Depends on Agric, Manufacturing Sector – Buhari. http://www.vanguardngr.com/2016/09/nigerias-economic-survival-depends-on-agric-manufacturing-sector-buhari/
19. Obioma, B.K., Anyanwu, U. N., and Kalu, A. O.U. (2015). The Effect of Industrial Development on Economic Growth (An Empirical Evidence in Nigeria 1973-2013). European Journal of Business and Social Sciences, 4(2), 127 – 140.
20. Oludele, S., and Mayowa, S. (2014). The Effect of Work System and Workplace Hazards on Employee’s Behaviour. Global Journal of Management and Business Research: A Administration and Management, 14(3),5-13.
21. Oi, W.Y. (1974). On the Economics of Industrial Safety. Law Contemp. Prob., 38(4), 669-699.
22. Pacheco-López, P., and Thirlwall, A.P. (2013). A New Interpretation of Kaldor’s First Growth Law for Open Developing Economies, University of Kent School of Economics Discussion Papers, KDPE.
23. Peter, J. (n.d.). The Industrial Sector, Industrialization and Economic Development. www.academia.edu/.../THE_INDUSTRIAL_SECTOR_INDUSTRIALIZATIO_N_AN...
24. Robinson, J.C., and Shor, G.M. (1989). Business-Cycle Influences on Work-Related Disability in Construction and Manufacturing. Milbank Q., 67(1), 92-113.
25. Safe-t1 (n.d.). Work and Hazards in Manufacturing. http://www.safe-t1.net.au/work-and-hazards-in-manufacturing.html
26. Sherif, J.O. (2012). The Performance of Manufacturing Sector and Utilization Capacity in Nigeria. www.slideshare.net/.../the-performance-of-manufacturing-sector-and-utilization-capac...
27. Sider H (1985). Work-Related Accidents and the Production Process. J. Hum. Resour., 20(1), 47-63.
28. Solow, R. M. (1956). "A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth," Quarterly Journal of Economics, LXX,65-94.
29. Szirmai A (2009). Industrialization as an Engine of Growth in Developing Countries, United Nations University -Maastricht Economic and Social Research and Training Centre on Innovation and Technology Maastricht, The Netherlands.
30. Udah, E. B. (2010). Industrial Development, Electricity Crisis and Economic Performance in Nigeria. European Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Sciences, ISSN 1450-2887 issue 18(1), 113-115.
31. Viscusi, W.K. (1986). The Impact of Occupational Safety and Health Regulation, 1973-1983. RAND J. Econ., 17(4),567-580.
32. Webster, T. (n.d.). Work-Related Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities in Manufacturing and Construction. https://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/cwc/work-related-injuries-illnesses-and-fatalities-in-manufacturing-and-construction.pdf
33. Wikipedia (n.d.). Ajaokuta. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ajaokuta.
Published
2017-03-28
How to Cite
OKON, Emmanuel Okokondem; OSESIE, Saliu Wisdom. Hazards of Manufacturing Sector and Economic Growth in Nigeria. International Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 50-65, mar. 2017. ISSN 2521-0041. Available at: <http://ijsshe.com/index.php/ijsshe/article/view/13>. Date accessed: 02 feb. 2023.
Section
Articles