Some Common Features of Customary Conflict Resolution Mechanisms of Homicide in Ethiopian Societies: A Review
Homicide takes place when one human being causes the death of another. It can be broadly classified as lawful and unlawful homicide. These different types of homicides are often treated very differently in human societies. Unlawful homicide is considered as a crime. But, lawful homicide may be considered as justifiable and excusable. Sometimes lawful homicide is ordered by the legal system. Homicide is a crime which victimized not only the victim, but also the victim’s family and the general public. Its consequence further affects the slayer. The crime leads the killer to face lots of problems. For instance he may face problems like: - the insecurity of his family, a potential of revenge by the family of his victim, the social and economic crisis and hardship he may face in exile, the compensation he may pay, the social exclusion he may face and so on. Homicide is a crime condemned by many societies all over the world. The consequence of homicide is long lasting if it is not resolved using proper mechanisms of conflict resolution. Hence, one of the imperative issues related to homicide is how to resolve a conflict that ends up in homicide to tackle the protracted consequences that follow in the aftermath of committing homicide. Different societies resolve conflicts using customary conflict resolution mechanisms and modern/court system. This review particularly focuses on some common features that are found in customary conflict resolution mechanisms to resolve a conflict that resulted in homicide among the Ethiopian societies.
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