Comparative Study of Academic Performance of Teachers Trained under Formal and Non-Formal Systems of Teacher Education at Secondary Level in Punjab

  • Naveed Gulzar Al-Khair University, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
  • Dr Muhammad Zafar Iqbal Al-Khair University, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan


The study was designed to compare academic performance of trained teachers under formal and no-formal systems of teacher education at secondary level in Punjab. The study was based on the objectives: (i) to compare the professional skills of the teachers through academic achievement of students and (ii) to check the academic performance of the teachers trained in both systems.


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How to Cite
GULZAR, Naveed; IQBAL, Dr Muhammad Zafar. Comparative Study of Academic Performance of Teachers Trained under Formal and Non-Formal Systems of Teacher Education at Secondary Level in Punjab. International Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 4, p. 307-317, july 2020. ISSN 2521-0041. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 08 aug. 2020.