Animal Experimentation and Animal Welfare: International Legal Arrangement
Animal welfare is one of the challenging issues of the world. Obviously, it is the laboratory where animal suffers most. Animals are used to examine side effects of drugs and to test materials for cosmetic research. There is a long debate on animal experimentation though it is common to all over the world. Sometimes scientists conduct experiment without justifying its necessity and animals suffer much and die from their merciless testing. It is a matter of great concern that there is no international binding treaty guiding the core principles of animal research. This research work tries to kindle on the importance of invoking international initiatives for protection of interest of research animals. Animals possess moral status. Thus, we have to raise our moral consideration towards them.
2. Retrieved from: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/724611/annual-statistics-scientific-procedures-living-animals-2017.pdf, last Visited: 9th November, 2018
3. Cruelty Free International, What is animal testing? Retrieved from: https://www.crueltyfreeinternational.org/why-we-do-it/what-animal-testing, last visited: 25th August 2019.
4. Cruelty Free International, Facts and figures on animal testing (2018).
5. Retrieved from: http://www.crueltyfreeinternational.org/why-we-do-it/facts-and-figures-animal-testing, last Visited: 9th November, 2018
6. Cruelty Free International, Arguments against animal testing (2018).
7. Retrieved from:https://www.crueltyfreeinternational.org/why-we-do-it/arguments-against-animal-testing, last Visited: 12th September, 2019
8. Franco N. H. (2013). Animal Experiments in Biomedical Research: A Historical Perspective. Animals: an open access journal from MDPI, 3(1), 238–273. Available on: https://doi.org/10.3390/ani3010238
9. Hajar R. (2011). Animal testing and medicine. Heart views: the official journal of the Gulf Heart Association, 12(1), 42. Available on: https://doi.org/10.4103/1995-705X.81548
10. Humane Research Australia (2016). Australian Statistics of Animal Use in Research & Teaching.
11. Retrieved from: http://www.humaneresearch.org.au/statistics/statistics_2016, last Visited: 9th November, 2018
12. Kotzmann. Jane, (2019, March 21). Australia's Animal Testing Laws Are a Good Start, but Don't Go Far Enough.
13. Retrieved from: http://theconversation.com/australias-animal-testing-laws-are-a-good-start-but-dont-go-far-enough-113112, last visited: 26th February, 2020
14. Laboratory Animals: Use Of Animals in Experiments & Research (2020).
15. Retrieved from: https://www.rspca.org.uk/adviceandwelfare/laboratory, last visited: 2nd March, 2020
16. Latest statistics on animal use for scientific purposes in EU (2020, February 13).
17. Retrieved from: https://frame.org.uk/2020/02/13/latest-statistics-on-animal-use-for-scientific-purposes-in-eu/, last visited: 26th February, 2020
18. Ministry for Primary Industries (June 2018). Statistics on the Use of Animals in Research, Testing and Teaching in New Zealand in 2016,
19. Retrieved from: https://nzavs.org.nz/assets/images/PDFs/2016%20MPI%20report.pdf, last visited: 2nd March 2020.
20. Pros & Cons - Procon.org (2019). Should Animals Be Used for Scientific or Commercial Testing?
21. Retrieved from: https://animal-testing.procon.org, last visited: 2nd March 2020.
22. United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Annual Report Animal Usage by Fiscal Year (2020). Retrieved from: Retrieved from: https://speakingofresearch.files.wordpress.com/2020/01/usda-annual-report-animal-usage-in-research-2018.pdf, last visited: 2nd March 2020.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.