Extra-Curricular Activities: An Effective Approach for Better Professional Development of Students

  • Abdul Rahman Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Rabia Ali Hundal Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Bilal Asghar Qureshi Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan

Abstract

Extracurricular activities (ECA) are, nowadays, considered as an essential part of any school system of any level. The present study reveals the relation of ECA with student’s performance, academic achievements, career selection and, last but not the least, professional development (PD) of students. The research focuses on the effect and impact of ECA on PD of students for their career selection and personal development. The research was carried out by developing a questionnaire. It consists of five comprehensive questions relating the ECA with PD. The validity and reliability of questions were checked. The research population consisted of students, with some managerial and leadership experience, from different institutes of Pakistan. The sample consist of majorly all the members of the respective population. After purposively selection, the questionnaire was distributed among 110 selected members of populations for research. Response rate was 90.9% as 100 members filled the form and all the responses was considered valid for the statistical study. Different statistical methods were used to carry out the research consisting of standard deviation, arithmetic means etc. It was clearly observed the respondent’s consideration of ECA as tool for PD of students is high. It was also observed that consideration of ECA for cultivation of interpersonal skills is high and same rate was high for ECA’s impact on career selection. In addition to this, the consideration rate of ECA for improving of managerial skills and self-efficacy is high. So, it is concluded that educational institutes should motivate their students to participate in ECA for better a career.

References

1. Al-tarawneh, H., & Battah, A. (2020). The Relationship Between Psychological Stress and Self-efficacy Among the Educational Supervisors in Karak. Journal of Education and Practice, 11(6), 102–112. https://doi.org/10.7176/JEP/11-6-13
2. BAHDI, M. (2014). The Impact of Extracurricular Activities on Students’ Academic Oral Proficiency. KASDI MERBAH UNIVERSITY - OUARGLA.
3. Craft, S. W. (2012). The Impact of Extracurricular Activities on Student Achievement at the High School Level. The University of Southern Mississippi.
4. Dalrymple, O., & Evangelou, D. (2006). The Role of Extracurricular Activities in the Education of Engineers. 9th International Conference on Engineering Education, 24–30.
5. Denault, A.-S., Ratelle, C. F., Duchesne, S., & Guay, F. (2018). Extracurricular activities and career indecision: A look at the mediating role of vocational exploration. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 1–39. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2018.11.006
6. DHANMEHER, B. R. (2014). IMPACT OF CO CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES ON THE NON – ACADEMIC DEVELOPMENT OF JUNIOR COLLEGE STUDENTS. D. Y. Patil University.
7. Green, R. D. (1987). Extracurricular Activities. NASSP Bulletin, 71(497), 151. https://doi.org/10.1177/019263658707149729
8. Holloway, J. H. (2006). Connecting Professional Development to Student Learning Gains. Science Educator, 15(1), 37–43. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ773253
9. Huang, Y. R., & Chang, S. M. (2004). Academic and cocurricular involvement: Their relationship and the best combinations for student growth. Journal of College Student Development, 45(4), 391–406. https://doi.org/10.1353/csd.2004.0049
10. Ji, H., & Zhang, L. (2011). Research on College Students ’ Stresses and Coping Strategies. Asian Social Science, 7(10), 30–34. https://doi.org/10.5539/ass.v7n10p30
11. Lawless, H. T., & Heymann, H. (2010). Sensory Evaluation of Food (Secind; Dennis R. Heldman, Ed.). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6488-5_16
12. Lindsey van der Lans. (2012). Wat is de daadwerkelijke meerwaarde van het doen van extracurriculaire activiteiten ?
13. Massoni, E. (2011). Positive Effects of Extra Curricular Activities on Students. ESSAI (The Berkeley Electronic Press), 9(Article 27), 84–87.
14. Nuijten, M. P. J., Poell, R. F., & Alfes, K. (2017). Extracurricular activities of Dutch University students and their effect on employment opportunities as perceived by both students and organizations. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijsa.12190 OR
15. Rees, E. G. (2008). The Effects of Participation in Extracurricular Activities On Academic Performance in Secondary School Students. Regis University.
16. Saibovich, S. A. (2019). Extracurricular Activities: Success and Development of Communication Skills with the Role of Parents, Public and Home Work. International Journal of Management Science and Business Administration, 6(1), 21–26. https://doi.org/10.18775/ijmsba.1849-5664-5419.2014.61.1003
17. Staff, J., Messersmith, E. E., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2009). Adolescents and the world of work. In Handbook of adolescent psychology: Contextual influences on adolescent development, Vol. 2, 3rd ed. (pp. 270–313). Hoboken, NJ, US: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
18. Stephens, L. J., & Schaben, L. A. (2002). The effect of interscholastic sports participation on academic achievement of middle level school activities. National Association of Secondary School Principals Bulletin, 86(630), 34–41. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177/019263650208663005
19. Tanner, B. (2017). Effects of Extracurricular Activities and Physical Activity on Academic Success. The BYU Undergraduate Journal in Psychology, 12(2), 11. Retrieved from https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/intuition/vol12/iss2/14
Published
2022-05-08
How to Cite
RAHMAN, Abdul; HUNDAL, Rabia Ali; QURESHI, Muhammad Bilal Asghar. Extra-Curricular Activities: An Effective Approach for Better Professional Development of Students. International Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 4, p. 152-162, may 2022. ISSN 2521-0041. Available at: <http://ijsshe.com/index.php/ijsshe/article/view/174>. Date accessed: 17 may 2022.
Section
Articles