China-Pak Economic Corridor (CPEC) and Its Geopolitical Paradigms
The geography of a country determines its role in the world affairs. Pakistan is located at a very significant strategic place on the globe. It is situated at the juncture of energy proficient to the energy deficient countries. The Gawadar Port in Pakistan is positioned at the Arabian Sea which is 72 Kilometers far from Iran, 320 Kilometers from Cape al-Hadd in Oman and about 400 Kilometers away from the Strait of Hormuz and is connected with the Persian Gulf. Gawadar as a key shipping point may be able to play a key role in ensuring China’s energy security as it provides a much shorter route than the current 12,900 km route from the Persian Gulf through the Strait of Malacca to the eastern seaboard of China. China has been building its leading role in Asia and beyond for economic and political cooperation through “One Belt One Road”. OBOR project has two components: first, the land-based ‘New Silk Road’; and second, a 21st Century Maritime Silk Road through a vast network of transport corridors, pipelines, ports and fiber-optic cables spreading across the entire Eurasian landmass connecting East Asia, Central and South Asia, the Middle East and parts of Europe. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (hereafter CPEC) is very vital and a joint venture of Pakistan and China to connect Kashgar in China’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region with the Southwestern Pakistani port of Gawadar. Under CPEC, China will invest $46 billion in Pakistan for the development of infrastructure and energy for the next 15 to 30 years. The four main pillars of CPEC are Gawadar port, communication infrastructure, energy infrastructure and industrial zones. Pakistan will serve as a crucial bridge between China and Central Asia; South Asia and the Middle East. This paper makes an analysis of the strategic parameters of CPEC from both the Chinese and Pakistani perspectives.
2. Pak-China Economic Corridor Council Launched in Islamabad. (2015, April 9). Retrieved from China Daily: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/world/2015xivisitpse/2015-04/09/content-20038726.htm.
3. China Closely Works with Pakistan to Implement CPEC . (2016, March 19). The NEWS.
4. CPEC Route to be Functional this Year: Ahsan Iqbal. (2016, March 15). The NEWS.
5. One Belt One Road Provides New Drive for Regional Sustainable Development. (2016). Retrieved from People's Daily: http;//en.people.cn/n3/2016/0408/c90000-9041876.html.
6. Abid, M., & Ashfaq, A. (2015). CPEC: Challenges and Opportunities for Pakistan. Journal of Pakistan Vision Volume 16, No. 2, 142-169.
7. Ahmad, D. A. (n.d.). Gawadar Port Potential and Prospects. Pakistan Institute for Conflict and Security Studies.
8. Ahmar, D. M. (2015). Strategic Meaning of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad Journal, Vol. 34, No. 4 & 1, 73.
9. Ahmed, D. A. (n.d.). Impact of CPEC on Regional International Relations. Retrieved Feburary 9, 2017
10. Ashraf, S. (2015). China Pakistan Economic Corridor. ISAS Brief No. 364, Institute of South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore.
11. BBC. (2015, April 20). China's Xi Jinping agrees $46 bn superhighway to Pakistan. Retrieved from http;//www.bbc.com/news/worl-asia-32377088
12. Bhattacharjee, D. (2015). China Pakistan Economic Corridor. SSRN Electronic Journal.
13. Bhattacharjee, D. D. (2017). China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). Indian Council of World Affairs.
14. Cheema, Z. N. (2015, November 25). Geostrategic importance of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. Retrieved Feburary 8, 2017
15. China-Pakistan economic Corridor Council: council Profile. (n.d.). Retrieved from China-Pakistan economic Corridor Council: http;//c-pecc.com/en/about/about-47.html.
16. Chowdhury, D. R. (2013). Pakistan happy to aid in China's quest for land route to the west; India, not so much. South China Morning Post.
17. Esteban, M. (2016, July 5). The China-Pakistan Corridor: a transit,economic or development corridor? Retrieved Feburary 9, 2017
18. Fazil, M. D. (2015, June 18). The China-Pakistan economic Corridor: Potentials and Vulnerabilities. Retrieved Feburary 13, 2017, from The Diplomat: http://www.thediplomat.com/2015/05/the-china-pakistan-economic-corridor-potential-and-vulnerabilities
19. Godement, F. (2014). China‟s Neighbourhood Policy. European Council on Foreign Relations, Asia Centre.
20. Ijaz, A. (2016, May). Importance of CPEC. Retrieved Feburary 2017, from Pakistan Observer: http://www.thepakistanobserver.com/importance-of-cpec
21. Ijaz, A. (2016, May 29). Importance of CPEC. Retrieved Feburary 9, 2017, from Webmaster.
22. Iqbal, O. (2016, August 2). CPEC and China's Strategic Interest in Pakistan. Retrieved Feburary 9, 2017
23. Irshad, M. S. (n.d.). One Belt and One Road: Does China Pakistan Economic Corridor Benefit for Pakistan's Economy. p. 203.
24. Irshad, M. S., Xin, Q., & Arshad, H. (2015). One Belt and One Road: Does China-Pakistan Economic Corridor Benefit for Pakistan's Economy. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, Vol. 6, No. 24, 203.
25. Jaiswal, P., & Paul, A. (2016, May 28). China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: Should India Worry?-Analysis. Retrieved Feburary 10, 2017, from South Asia Monitor: http://www.southasiamonitor.com/china-pakistan-economic-corriodor-should-india-worry
26. Javaid, U., & Javaid, R. (Summer 2016). Stregthening Geo-strategic Bond of Pakistan and China Through Geo-Economic Configuration. Pakistan Economic and Social Review, 129.
27. Jidong, C. (2013). Regional Railway hub in Pakistan and China's Role. Policy Perspectives Volume 10, No. 2, 117-122.
28. Kabraji, R. (2012). The China-Pakistan Alliance: Rhetoric and Limitations. Chatham House Asia Programme.
29. Kahlon, D. S. (2015). Gawadar Port Operationalization: india, US Need to Redraw Maritime Strategy. India Defence Review.
30. Khan, S. (2016, September 4). Significance of CPEC. Retrieved Feburary 8, 2017, from The Express Tribune: http://www.theexpresstribune.com
31. Khan, T. (n.d.). Importance of Pak-China Economic Corridor. Retrieved Feburary 8, 2017, from Global Affairs: http://www.globalaffairs.com.pk/importance-of-pak-china-economic-corridor
32. Khetran, M. S. (2014 & 2015). The Potential and Prospects of Gawadar Port. Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad Journal, Vol. 34 and 35, No. 4 % 1.
33. Lee, R. (2016, August 3). The Strategic Importance of Chinese-Pakistani Relations. Retrieved Feburary 10, 2017, from Reuters: http://www.reuters.com/the-strategic-importance-of-chinese-pakistani-relations
34. Lu, A. (2015, April 20). China Pakistan Lift Ties to All-Weather Strategic Partnership of Cooperation. Retrieved from Xinhua News Agency: http;//news.xinhua.net/english/2015-04/20/c-134167316.htm
35. Masood, S., & Walsh, D. (n.d.). Xi Jinping Plans to Fund Pakistan. op.cit.
36. Mehmood, M. (n.d.). China-Pakistan economic Corridor-The Geo-Strategic Dimension and Challenges. CISS Insight: Quartely News & Views.
37. Ministry of Foreign affairs, G. o. (2013). Joint Statement - Deepening Comprehensive Strategic Cooperation Between the People’s Republic of China and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Retrieved from http://www.mofa.gov.pk/pr-details.php?prID=1200
38. Ministry of Planning, D. a. (n.d.). Pakistan 2025: One Nation-One Vision. Retrieved from Planning Commission Pakistan: http;//pc.gov.pk/vision2025/pakistan%20vision-2025.pdf.
39. Mirza, J. (2015, October 20). Why is CPEC important for Pakistan. Retrieved Feburary 9, 2017, from Samaa Web Desk: http://www.samaatv.com.pk
40. Paracha, S. (2016, January). Retrieved Feburary 9, 2017, from http://www.google.com/article-by-shiraz-paracha-on-cpec
41. Rafi, A. E. (2016, July 11). Completion of CPEC: Impact on Pakistan's Strategic Position and Economy. Retrieved Feburary 9, 2017, from IPRI Review: http://www.iprireview.com/completion-of-cpec-impact-on-pakistan's-strategic-position-and-economy
42. Ramay, S. A. (n.d.). CPEC: A Chinese Dream Being Matrialized Through Pakistan. Sustainable Development Policy Institute, 1.
43. Ranjan, A. (2015). The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: India's Options. Institute of Chinese Studies Delhi, ICS Occasional Paper # 10, 1.
44. Rizvi, D. H. (2015). The China Pakistan Economic Corridor: Regional Cooperation and Socio-Economic Development. Retrieved from ISSI: http;//issi.org.pk/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/Hasan-Askar-Rizvi-3435-SS-41-20142015.pdf.
45. S., S. (2015). China‟s Xi Jinping Launches Investment Deal in Pakistan. The Wall Street Journal, .
46. Shah, S. (n.d.). China's Xi Jinping Launches Investment Deal in Pakistan. OP. CIT.
47. Shahnaz, I. (2017, Feburary 13). Gawadar Port: Challenges and Opportunities. Retrieved from INCPak: http://www.incpak.com/editorial/Gawadar-port-challenges and opportunities
48. Sial, S. (2014). The China Pakistan Economic Corridor: An assessment of potential threats and constraints. Conflict and Peace Studies.
49. Sial, S. (2015). The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: an assessment of potential threats and constraints. Pakistan Institute of Peace Studies.
50. Syed, R. (2013, May). China takes over operational control of Gawadar port. Daily Times.
51. Tharoor, I. (n.d.). What China‟s and Pakistan‟s Special Friendship Means. op. cit.
52. Tiezzi, S. (2016, Feburary 5). Pakistan will provide Special Force to defend Chinese Investments . Retrieved from The Diplomat: http://thediplomat.com/2016/02/pakistan-will-provide-special-force-to-defend-chinese-investments/.
53. Wagner, D. H. (2016). The Effects of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor on India-Pakistan Relations. SWP Asia Division, 1.
54. Wang, J. (2012). Marching Westwards”: The Rebalancing of China’s Geostrategy’. International and Strategic Studies, Report No. 73.
55. Wang, J. (2015). ‘China’s ‘New Silk road’: A case study in Eu–China relations. Beijing: ISPI.
56. X, L. (2015). The development of the "One Belt and One Road" and its impact on China-US Relations. Chinese People's Association for Peace and Disarmament.
57. Zhiqin, S., & YANG, L. (n.d.). Benefits and Risks of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. Retrieved Feburary 8, 2017, from Carnegie-Tsinghua Centre for Global Policy: http://carnegietsinghua.org/2016/12/21/benefits-and-risks-of-china-pakistan-economic-corridor-pub-66507
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.