Factors that Influence the Entrepreneurial Behaviors of Business Graduates

  • Shahbaz Haider University of Sargodha, Gujranwala Campus, Pakistan
  • Sonaina Saif Gill University of Sargodha, Gujranwala Campus, Pakistan
  • Sania Noreen University of Sargodha, Gujranwala Campus, Pakistan


Entrepreneurial behaviors are considered as key mechanisms to determine the organizational development and as an important backbone to the economic growth. Entrepreneurship is considered as competitive advantage for institutions. Current study aimed to provide literature on the factors that influence the entrepreneurship intentions of business graduates. Further study has proposed organizational commitment as possible moderator. Previously most of the studies have considered organizational commitment as mediator but current study has considered it as moderator. Research model is focused on business graduates as all the business graduates study the subject of entrepreneurship. With the help of literature current study will explain the reasons why students are moving towards entrepreneurship and how does organizational commitment levels can influence their entrepreneurial behaviors. This study will help the Pakistani universities to develop effective strategies to promote and stimulate of entrepreneurial behaviors in students.


1. Ahmetoglu, G, Leutner, F & Chamorro-Premuzic, T 2011, „EQ-nomics: Understanding the relationship between individual differences in Trait Emotional Intelligence and entrepreneurship‟, Personality and Individual Differences, 51(8), pp.1028–1033.
2. Astebro, T. B. and Bazzazian, N. (2011), “Universities, entrepreneurship and local economic development”, HANDBOOK OF RESEARCH ON ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT, M. Fritsch, ed., Edward Elgar, 252-333.
3. Bird, B., Schjoedt, L. (2009). Entrepreneurial Behavior: Its Nature, Scope, Recent Research, and Agenda for Future Research. In A L, Carsrud, & M. Brännback (Eds.), Understanding the Entrepreneurial Mind: Opening the Black Box, New York, NY: Springer, 327-358
4. Blau, P 1964, „Exchange and power in social life’, New York, Wiley
5. Bowman, M., Debray, S. K., and Peterson, L. L. 1993. Reasoning about naming systems. .
6. Brundin, E, Patzelt, H & Shepherd, DA 2008, „Managers‟ emotional displays and employees' willingness to act entrepreneurially‟, Journal of Business Venturing, 23(2), pp.221–243.
7. Cavus, M. F., Koc, M., & Aksoy, A. (2014). Entrepreneurial Behaviors: Are the People Restricted by Knowledge Inertia?. International Review of Management and Marketing, 4(1), 42.
8. Craggs J. G. (2005). Developing a coherent model of intelligence: A mechanism for understanding neurolinguistic processing. PhD Thesis.University of Georgia.Retrieved December 9, 2009, fromhttp://plaza.ufl.edu/jcraggs/Craggs_Jason_G_2005May_PhD.pdf
9. Ding, W. and Marchionini, G. 1997 A Study on Video Browsing Strategies. Technical Report. University of Maryland at College Park.
10. Eisenberger, R, Huntington, RH & Sowa, S 1986, „Perceived Organisational Support‟, Journal of Applied Psychology, 71(3), pp.500–507
11. Fayolle, A., Gailly, B. and Lassas-Clerc, N. (2006), “Assessing the impact of entrepreneurial education”, Journal of European Industrial Training, Vol. 20 No. 9, pp. 701-20
12. Felfe, J., Schyns, B., & Tymon, A. (2014). The impact of university students’ commitment on in-and extra-role performance. Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, 6(1), 149-167.
13. Forman, G. 2003. An extensive empirical study of feature selection metrics for text classification. J. Mach. Learn. Res. 3 (Mar. 2003), 1289-1305.
14. Fröhlich, B. and Plate, J. 2000. The cubic mouse: a new device for three-dimensional input. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
15. Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ. New York: Bantam Books
16. Kamil, N. L. M., & Nasurdin, A. M. (2016). Entrepreneurial behavior in malaysian commercial banks: the role of emotional intelligence, job autonomy, perceived organizational support, and organizational commitment. Australian Journal of Business and Economic Studies, 2(1).
17. Kanten, P & Ulker, FE 2012, „A relational approach among perceived organizational support, proactive personality and voice behaviour‟, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 62, pp.1016–1022.
18. Knight, G.A. (1997). Cross-cultural Reliability and Validity of a Scale to Measure Firm Entrepreneurial Orientation, Journal of Business Venturing, 12, 213–25
19. Koster, F. (2011), “Able, willing, and knowing: the effects of HR practices on commitment and effort in 26 European countries”, International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 22 No. 14, pp. 2835-2851
20. Kuratko, D.F., Ireland, R D., Covin, J.G., Hornsby, J.S. (2005). Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 29, 699-716.
21. Le, H., Casillas, A., Robbins, S.B. and Langley, R. (2005), “Motivational and skills, social, and self- management predictors of college outcomes: constructing the student readiness inventory”, Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol. 65 No. 3, pp. 482-508
22. Lumpkin, G.T. Dess, G. (1996). Clarifying the Entrepreneurial Orientation Construct and Linking It to Performance, Academy of Management Review, 21(1), 135–72
23. Meyer, J.P. and Herscovitch, L. (2001), “Commitment in the workplace. Toward a general model”, Human Resource Management Review, Vol. 11 No. 3, pp. 299-326
24. Meyer, J.P., Stanley, D.J., Herscovitch, L. and Topolnytsky, L. (2002), “Affective, continuance, and normative commitment to the organization: a meta-analysis of antecedents, correlates and consequences”, Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol. 61 No. 1, pp. 20-52.
25. Miller, D. (1983). The correlates of entrepreneurship in three types of firms, Management Science, 29,770-791
26. Organ, D.W., Podsakoff, P.M. and MacKenzie, S.B. (2005), Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Its Nature, Antecedents, and Consequences, Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA
27. Rhoades, L & Eisenberger, R 2002, „Perceived organizational support: A review of the literature‟, Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(4), pp.698–714.
28. Sanchez, R.J., Bauer, T.N. and Paronto, M.E. (2006), “Peer mentoring freshmen: implications for satisfaction, commitment, and retention to graduation”, Academy of Management Learning & Education, Vol. 5 No. 1, pp. 25-37
29. Sannella, M. J. 1994 Constraint Satisfaction and Debugging for Interactive User Interfaces. Doctoral Thesis. UMI Order Number: UMI Order No. GAX95-09398., University of Washington.
30. Sannella, M. J. 1994 Constraint Satisfaction and Debugging for Interactive User Interfaces. Doctoral Thesis. UMI Order Number: UMI Order No. GAX95-09398., University of Washington.
31. Schumpeter, J. (1928). The Instability of Capitalism. Blackwell Publishing
32. Smith, K.G., Di Gregorio, D. (2002).The role of Entrepreneurial Action in the Market Process. In Strategic Entrepreneurship: Creating a New Mindset Malden: Blackwell Publishing
33. Stevenson, H.H., Jarillo, J.C. (1990). A paradigm of entrepreneurship: entrepreneurship management, Strategic Management Journal, 11(Summer Special Issue), 17-27.
34. Strauss, L.C. and Volkwein, J.F. (2004), “Predictors of student commitment at two-year and four-year institutions”, Journal of Higher Education, Vol. 75 No. 2, pp. 203-227
35. Tavel, P. 2007 Modeling and Simulation Design. AK Peters Ltd.
36. Zampetakis, LA & Kafetsios, K 2010, „Group entrepreneurial behavior in established organization: The role of middle manager‟s emotion regulation and group diversity‟, Research on Emotion in Organizations, 6, pp.33–61.
37. Zampetakis, LA, Beldekos, P & Moustakis, VS 2009, „Day-to-day entrepreneurship within organisations: The role of trait Emotional Intelligence and Perceived Organisational Support‟, European Management Journal, 27(3), pp.165–17.
How to Cite
HAIDER, Shahbaz; GILL, Sonaina Saif; NOREEN, Sania. Factors that Influence the Entrepreneurial Behaviors of Business Graduates. International Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 3, p. 212-221, sep. 2017. ISSN 2521-0041. Available at: <http://ijsshe.com/index.php/ijsshe/article/view/34>. Date accessed: 10 dec. 2017.