Socio Economic Comparision of Students Studying in Private, Ordinary Public and Daanish School System

  • Rabia Shabbir University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Masood Ali University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan


Education is a significant element which plays important role in human progress. It creates a productive and educated community and generates opportunities for the economically and socially deprived sectors of society. In Pakistan there are extraordinary private schools along with the incredible government sponsored schools, helping the parents to choose the best institute for their children. The Government has established Danish schools system in Pakistan, to provide the quality education to the deprived sector and to fulfil their dreams to access the modern facilities. The major goal of this study was to find out the household’s choice and quality of education regarding public as well as private schools especially Danish school system in Pakistan. Data collected from two cities, Chistian and Hasilpur. The simple linear regression technique was used for check the quality of education while the other hand binary regression technique was used for check the household choice regarding schools. The study explored that study hours, number of class tests, mother education level, gender, types of schools and family type had significant impact on child test scores and also all were statistically significant and household income was positively related with child test scores but it was insignificant according to the results of ordinary least square technique. According to binary regression technique mother education level, school fees, test scores and family income were statistically significant while the other hand gender and teachers qualification were insignificant. Government should provide the basic facilities in ordinary public schools, training gives to teachers at monthly basis and syllabus should be designed according to modern needs.


1. Adams, T. L. (1998). Prospective elementary teachers' mathematics subject matter knowledge: The real number system. Action in Teacher Education, 20(2): 35-48.
2. Amjad, R. (2012). A comparative analysis of the role of the private sector as education providers in improving issues of access and quality. Development policy research center, Lahore, Pakistan.
3. Amjad, R. and MacLeod, G. (2014). Academic effectiveness of private, public and private–public partnership schools in Pakistan. International Journal of Educational Development, 37(1): 22-31.
4. Alderman, H., Orazem, P. F and Paterno, E. M. (2001). School quality, school cost, and the public/private school choices of low-income households in Pakistan. Journal of Human Resources, 36(1): 304-326.
5. Ball, D.L. (1990). Prospective elementary and secondary teachers' understanding of division. Journal for research in mathematics education, 21(1): 132-144.
6. Barber, M. (2011). Education Reform In Pakistan: This Time It’s Going to Be Different. Online Available at:
7. Becker, G. S. (1960). An Economic Analysis of Fertility, Demographic and Economic Change in Developed Countries. Princeton, N.J.Princeton University Press.
8. Bedi, A. S. and Garg, A. (2000). The effectiveness of private versus public schools: The case of Indonesia. Journal of Development Economics, 61(2): 463-494.
9. Behrman, J.R. (1990). Human Resource Led Development? Review of Issues and Evidence. Asian regional team for employment promotion Eng., New Delhi, India.
10. Bhatta, P and Badathoki, S. B. (2013). Understanding private educationscape(s) in Nepal. Privatization in Education Research Initiative. ESP Working Paper Series, 57, Nepal.
11. Coulson, A. J. (2009). Comparing public, private and market schools: The international evidence. Journal of School Choice, 3(1): 31-54.
12. Cox, D. and Jimenez, E. (1990). The relative effectiveness of private and public schools: Evidence from two developing countries. Journal of Development Economics. 34(1): 99-121.
13. Deraniyagala, S. (2001). The impact of technology accumulation on technical efficiency: An analysis of the Sri Lankan clothing and agricultural machinery industries. Oxford Development Studies, 29(1): 101-114.
14. Dickson, M., Kadbey, H and McMinn, M. (2015). Comparing Reported Classroom Practice in Public and Private Schools in the United Arab Emirates. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 186(1): 209-215.
15. EFA. (2014). Ministry of Education, Trainings and Standards in Higher Education Academy of Educational Planning and Management Islamabad, Pakistan.
16. Epple, D., Figlio, D and Romano, R. (2004). Competition between private and public schools: Testing stratification and pricing predictions. Journal of public Economics, 88(7): 1215-1245.
17. Farbman, D. and Kaplan, C. (2005). Time for a Change: The Promise of Extended-Time Schools for Promoting Student Achievement. Retrieved from (1).pdf.
18. Feeny, D. and Siamwalla, A. (1998). Thailand versus Japan: why was Japan first. In The institutional foundations of East Asian economic development, International Economics Association series, Palgrave Macmillan UK.
19. Ferreira, S. G. and Veloso, F. A. (2006). Intergenerational mobility of wages in Brazil. Brazilian Review of Econometrics. 26(2), 181–212.
20. Gaina, D. C., Elia, L. and Weber, A. (2015). A fast-forward looks at tertiary education attainment in Europe 2020. Journal of Policy Modeling, 37(5): 804-819.
21. GoP. (2009). Educational Policy. Ministry of Education Islamabad.
22. GoP. (2011). Danish School system project of Punjab government up-lifting of poor’s Education. Online available at: Accessed on 22-01-2016.
23. GoP. (2015). Government of Pakistan Economic Survey of Pakistan 2014-15. Economic Advisory Wing Ministry of Finance, Islamabad. Online available at:¬_Education.pdf. Accessed on 22-01-2016.
24. Gregg, P. and Machin, S. (2000). The Relationship Between Childhood Experiences, Subsequent Educational Attainment and Adult Labour Market Performance, in Koen Vleminckx and Timothy Smeeding (eds.) Child Well Being in Modern Nations: What do we Know?, Policy Press.
25. Hamdani, K. A. (1977). Education and the income differential: An estimation for Rawalpindi city. The Pakistan Development Review. 16(2): 144-164.
26. Hastings, J. S. and Weinstein, J. M. (2007). Information, school choice, and academic achievement: Evidence from two experiments. Working paper, 13623, National Bureau of Economic Research.
27. Horowitz, J. B. and Spector, L. (2005). Is there a difference between private and public education on college performance? Economics of Education Review, 24(2): 189-195.
28. Jerrard, J. (2016). What does “quality” look like for post-2015 education provision in low-income countries? An exploration of stakeholders’ perspectives of school benefits in village LEAP schools, rural Sindh, Pakistan. International Journal of Educational Development, 46(1): 82-93.
29. Jez, S. J. and Wassmer, R. W. (2011). The impact of learning time on academic achievement. Education and Urban Society. 47(3): 284-306.
30. Jones, H. E. (1923). Experimental studies of college teaching: The effect of examination on permanence of learning. Archives of Psychology. 10(1): 1-70.
31. Kakar, Z. K., Khilji, B. A and Jawad, M. (2011). Relationship between Education and Economic Growth in Pakistan: A time series analysis. Journal of International Academic Research, 11(1): 27-32.
32. Khan, R. E. A. and Raza, M. (2011). Household choice of public versus private schooling: a case study of Bahawalpur City. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 11(1): 94-99. Online Available at: abstract=1969320.
33. Kazmi, S. W. (2005). Role of education in globalization: A case for Pakistan. SAARC Journal of human resource development, 1(1): 90-107.
34. Lung, M. L. Moldovan and Alexandra, N. L. (2012). Financing higher education in Europe: issues and challenges. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 51(1): 938-942.
35. Mayer, S. (1997). What Money Can’t Buy: Family Income and Children’s Life Chances, Harvard University Press.
36. Nguyen, Q. and Raju, D. (2014). Private school participation in Pakistan. Working Paper, 6897,
37. Ozturk, I. (2001). The role of education in economic development: a theoretical perspective, Mpra paper no, 9023, University Library of Munich, Germany. Online available at: http://mpra.ub.uni-
38. Pal, S. (2010). Public infrastructure, location of private schools and primary school attainment in an emerging economy. Economics of Education Review, 29(5): 783-794.
39. Phongpaichit, P. and Baker, C.J. (2002). Thailand, economy and politics. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, USA.
40. Reza, A. and Valeecha, S. (2012). Impact of education on economic growth of Pakistan: Econometric analysis. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 5(4): 20-27.
41. Sawada, Y. and Lokshin, M. (1999). Household schooling decisions in rural Pakistan. Working Paper, 2541, World Bank Policy Research, World Bank, Tokyo, Japan.
42. Schultz, T. W. (1964). Economic Value of Education. Columbia University Press, New York.
43. Shami, P. A. and Hussain, S. K. (2007). Education in Pakistan. Academy of Educational Planning and Management, Ministry of Education, Islamabad.
44. Thapa, A. (2013). Does private school competition improve public school performance? The case of Nepal. International Journal of Educational Development, 33(4): 358-36.
45. World Bank. (2013). Learning for all. World Bank, Washington DC, USA. Online available at. WWW.WORLDBANK.ORG/EDUCATION
46. Zafar, M. (2003). Fiscal devolution in education. Case study reflecting initial responses. Ministry of education, Islamabad, Pakistan.
How to Cite
SHABBIR, Rabia; ALI, Masood. Socio Economic Comparision of Students Studying in Private, Ordinary Public and Daanish School System. International Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 3, p. 222-235, sep. 2017. ISSN 2521-0041. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 02 feb. 2023.