Interview: A Research Instrument for Social Science Researchers

  • Abdul Ghafoor Buriro IBA Community College Dadu, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Jawad Hussain Awan University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan
  • Abdul Razaq Lanjwani IBA Community College Dadu, Sindh, Pakistan


Research is a scholastic attempt that helps to establish revised view about the particular area adopting pre-requisite procedure to establish authenticity without it research’s purpose shall not be achieved. In this regard, smart academic work is required because it demands different processes to pass on. Clifford Woody explains research in a way that it encompasses describing and re-describing troubles, devising assumption or suggesting solutions; bringing information together, putting them in order and assessing data; making supposition for attainment of conclusion and above all carefully examining the conclusions to ensure whether these come out to be fit for making hypothesis. The educational research work involves the student to seek the required guidance in congregation substance and organize them systematically.  Using interview method for assimilating the required records is the useful way which may be suitable to exact problem, using   data, questionnaires and conducting careful tests, preserving facts, categorizing it and thereby interpreting it. After recognizing and identifying the problems, the researcher tries to figure out investigational plan to collect the desired facts in effective manner. In this paper, interview method has chosen for collection of data. Like other research tools, it is also a very important for the research purpose. This method comprises numerous types, among them few of which are discussed in this article. The interview method involves presentation of oral-verbal stimuli with respect to the change of different responses. This method offers variety of interviews as discussed in paper which help to acquire exact information required.


1. Clausen, A. S. (2012). The individually focused interview: Methodological quality without transcription of audio recordings. The Qualitative Report, 17(37), 1–17. Retrieved from
2. Daram, S. R., Wu, R., & Tang, S.-J. (2014). Interview from anywhere: feasibility and utility of web-based videoconference interviews in the gastroenterology fellowship selection process. The American Journal of Gastroenterology, 109(2), 155–9.
3. Evaluation Models: Viewpoints on Educational and Human Services Evaluation. (2012). Springer Science & Business Media. Retrieved from
4. Hanna, P. (2012). Using internet technologies (such as Skype) as a research medium: a research note. Qualitative Research, 12(2), 239–242.
5. Hanson, M. D., Kulasegaram, K. M., Woods, N. N., Fechtig, L., & Anderson, G. (2012). Modified Personal Interviews. Academic Medicine, 87(10), 1330–1334.
6. Keever, S. (2008). Behavioral-Based Interviewing: Taking the Guesswork out of, (October).
7. King, M., Marston, L., & Bower, P. (2014). Comparison of non-directive counselling and cognitive behaviour therapy for patients presenting in general practice with an ICD-10 depressive episode: A randomized control trial. Psychological Medicine, 44, 1835–1844.
8. Kothari, C. (2004). Research methodology: methods and techniques. New Age International.
9. Roelofs, J., Muris, P., Braet, C., Arntz, A., & Beelen, I. (2014). The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Childhood Diagnoses (Kid-SCID): First psychometric evaluation in a Dutch sample of clinically referred youths. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 367–375.
10. Saliba, D., DiFilippo, S., Edelen, M. O., Kroenke, K., Buchanan, J., & Streim, J. (2012). Testing the PHQ-9 Interview and Observational Versions (PHQ-9 OV) for MDS 3.0. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 13(7), 618–625.
11. Tanner Stapleton, L. R., Dunkel Schetter, C., Dooley, L. N., Guardino, C. M., Huynh, J., Paek, C., … Community Child Health Network. (2015). The Community Child Health Network Life Stress Interview: a brief chronic stress measure for community health research. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 5806(November), 1–15.
12. Wickstrom, T. A. M. (2013). July 2013, (July), 1–2. Retrieved from papers3://publication/uuid/838EAF58-EB29-41AA-937F-717793D511F8
How to Cite
BURIRO, Abdul Ghafoor; AWAN, Jawad Hussain; LANJWANI, Abdul Razaq. Interview: A Research Instrument for Social Science Researchers. International Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 4, p. 246-259, dec. 2017. ISSN 2521-0041. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 16 jan. 2018.