Tourism in Protected Areas: The Case of the National Marine Park of Alonissos-Northern Sporades in Greece
The tourist development of Greece began in the '50s to become one of the main sources of income, both nationally and locally, since many areas are the main source of tourism revenue. The concepts of sustainability and viability of this product and its operation, is being strongly marked recent decades in many conferences, notices, and scientific research. Greece established 30 Management Bodies to integrated management of protected areas belonging to this network. One of the main problems faced by operators in their pursuit of these objectives to be achieved is use of these areas by visitors, whose presence is particularly strong in coastal locations. Meanwhile, tourism trends in recent years have changed, resulting in more and more visitors are directed to areas that retain as much as possible intact their natural environment, which, as already mentioned, has contributed to the development of ecotourism.
Comparatively, governments are pushing the parks to make more dynamic the tourism as a means of saving money to make them as independent, sustainable and self-reliant as possible. This results in the Protected Areas at risk of losing their authenticity if not properly managed the tourists from their managers. Others focus on the principles of sustainability and viability and others give concrete forms of tourism in this alternative formula, including for example ecotourism and agrotourism. The benefits anticipated from the influence on the existing tourism development, the development of better relations with local operators and those involved in the tourism sector and a holistic approach in terms of management of the protected area in the field of management. This paper investigates the profile of tourists in the National Marine Park of Alonissos, gets a swot analysis to identify the problems and benefits of the region and are proposed a number of items reference the ecotourism marketing
2. Ceballos-Lascuráin, H. (1996). Tourism, Ecotourism, and Protected Areas: The State of Nature-based Tourism Around the World and Guidelines for Its Development. World Conservation Union.
3. Daraei, M. (2014). Sustainable Development of Tourism in Semnan City, Using the SWOT Analysis Model. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 3(16), 2180–2196.
4. Dowling, R. K., & Fennell, D. A. (n.d.). The context of ecotourism policy and planning. In Ecotourism policy and planning (pp. 1–20).
5. EUROPARC Federation Expertise Exchange Working Group Transfrontier Protected Areas. (2001). EUROPARC Expertise Exchange Working Group Transfrontier Protected Areas: Phare.
6. Facaros, D., & Pauls, M. (2007). The Greek Islands. New Holland Publishers.
7. Jamrozy, U. (2008). Sustainable tourism development: ingenuity in marketing strategy. In Sustainable Tourism III. https://doi.org/10.2495/st080071
8. Lanier, P. (2014). The positive impacts of ecotourism in protected areas. In Sustainable Tourism VI. https://doi.org/10.2495/st140161
9. López-Sánchez, Y., & Pulido-Fernández, J. I. (2016). In search of the pro-sustainable tourist: A segmentation based on the tourist “sustainable intelligence.” Tourism Management Perspectives, 17, 59–71.
10. Mason, P. (2015). Tourism Impacts, Planning and Management. Routledge.
11. Politikos, D. V., & Tzanetis, D. E. (2009). Population dynamics of the Mediterranean monk seal in the National Marine Park of Alonissos, Greece. Mathematical and Computer Modelling, 49(3-4), 505–515.
12. Pomering, A., Noble, G., & Johnson, L. W. (2011). Conceptualising a contemporary marketing mix for sustainable tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 19(8), 953–969.
13. Svoronou, E., & Holden, A. (2005). Ecotourism as a Tool for Nature Conservation: The Role of WWF Greece in the Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli Forest Reserve in Greece. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 13(5), 456–467.
14. Trivourea, M. (2011). People and the Mediterranean Monk Seal (Monachus monachus): A Study of the Socioeconomic Impacts of the National Marine Park of Alonissos, Northern Sporades, Greece. Aquatic Mammals, 37(3), 305–318.
15. United Nations Environment Programme. (2007). Unep Annual Report 2006. UNEP/Earthprint.
16. United Nations, United Nations Environment Programme, & United Nations. General Assembly. (2005). United Nations Environment Programme: report of the Governing Council, twenty-third session (21-25 February 2005). United Nations Publications.
17. Wearing, S., & Neil, J. (2009). Ecotourism and Protected Areas: Visitor Management for Sustainability. In Ecotourism (pp. 63–93).
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.