Successful Resource Seeking Strategies: An Agent Based Model of Budgetary Competition

  • John McCaskill University of Texas at Dallas Richardson, Texas, USA
  • L. Douglas Kiel University of Texas at Dallas Richardson, Texas, USA
  • Euel Elliott University of Texas at Dallas Richardson, Texas, USA
  • James Harrington University of Texas at Dallas Richardson, Texas, USA


The strategies that bureaucratic actors employ to secure resources are the result of a complex interplay between motivational states and environmental conditions. The strategies employed by bureaucrats to secure resources are now best understood as heuristics. Heuristics that may be adaptive in securing resources under some conditions may be maladaptive under different environmental circumstances (Gigerenzer 2000; 2008). This study reviews the various strategies employed by bureaucrats to secure financial resources through the lens of Downs’ typology of bureaucrats to determine the fundamental heuristics the successful strategies employ. We sought inspiration from both the extant literature and models of bureaucratic behavior within organizations beginning with Downs (1967) and continuing with the work of Bowling, Cho, and Wright (2004), and the methodological innovations afforded by agent-based modeling. By making certain basic assumptions regarding decision-making heuristics, we show a remarkable consistency between Downs, Bowling and her colleagues, and our own findings.


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How to Cite
MCCASKILL, John et al. Successful Resource Seeking Strategies: An Agent Based Model of Budgetary Competition. International Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 2, p. 66-86, may 2018. ISSN 2521-0041. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 17 july 2018.