Exploring the Socio-Economic Causes of Child Labour in Automobile Workshops in District Multan Punjab

  • Azhar Sharif Institute of Developing Research and Corresponding Capabilities, Pakistan
  • Sana Mehmood Quaid e Aazam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Mujeeb ur Rehman Quaid e Aazam University, Islamabad, Pakistan


Child labor is deeply rooted and extremely extensive in Pakistan. The problem of Child Labour in District Multan is quite high and abnormal. Various studies have shown that a large number of children in different age group has been employed in various shops, like Cycle repair workshop, Cars workshop, Motorbike workshop, Trucks workshop, mechanical and electrical workshop. Rickshaw workshop and other places. This study explores the socioeconomic determinants of child labour in automobile workshops. The key variables in the present study were child labour and poverty. The researcher used quantitative method for survey research. The current research was conducted in District Multan, Punjab. Therefore, child labourers were selected in the sampling frame equally. Snowball sampling technique was adopted. A total of 80 respondents were selected from different automobile workshops. The majority of the children were poor and they had no education or little education. Their parents had little education and were poorly paid jobs, unemployed or deceased. In this paper, the causes of child labour have been identified and measures to reduce this curse have been suggested.


1. Salman (2018) against child labour, international the news, available at https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/265698-against-child-labour, retrieved on 20-02-2018.
2. Maria, R. (2017). Child labour in Pakistan, the brogan project, available at https://borgenproject.org/child-labor-in-pakistan/ retrieved on 20-02-2018.
3. Zaheer. K, (2017). Child labor in Pakistan, The nation, available at https://nation.com.pk/14-Apr-2017/child-labour-in-pakistan
4. Rana, T. and Rashid (2010) ―A Comparative Analysis of Rural and Urban Child Labor in
5. Pakistan‖ European Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Sciences, ISSN
6. Awan, MS, Waqas, M & Aslam, MA 2011, ‘Why do Parents Make their Children Work? Evidence from Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey’, International Journal of Academic Research, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 545-549, viewed 09 March 2015
7. Shujaat, Q. (2007), The State of Pakistan’s Children 2006, Society for the Protection of the Rights of the Child, F-10/1 Islamabad, Pakistan
8. Grimsrud, B. (2003). "Millennium Development Goals and Child Labor." Indus Journal of Management & Social Sciences.
9. Pakistan bureau of statistics, (2014-2015). Labour Force Survey 2014-15 (Annual Report).
10. Ahmed. A. Mian (1991). "Child labor in Pakistan: A study of the Lahore Area." Journal of Policy, Practice, and Program 70(2): 261-267
11. Ravinder, R. (2009). "The Child Labor in Developing Countries” A Challenge. ‘To Millennium Development Goals” Indus Journal of Management & Social Sciences 3(1) 1-8.
12. Moe, A. (1997). "Child Labor in Developing Countries.Agder College, Norway." 3: 21-25.
How to Cite
SHARIF, Azhar; MEHMOOD, Sana; REHMAN, Mujeeb ur. Exploring the Socio-Economic Causes of Child Labour in Automobile Workshops in District Multan Punjab. International Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 3, p. 166-175, sep. 2019. ISSN 2521-0041. Available at: <http://ijsshe.com/index.php/ijsshe/article/view/70>. Date accessed: 02 feb. 2023.